India designs its own image as global power
India's image has changed dramatically in the last decade from an aid recipient nation to a global power. The shift in this image is not merely a result of economic growth figures alone – it has resulted from a carefully managed "image campaign" that the Indian government has invested in. New research by Ravinder Kaur from the University of Copenhagen shows the processes through which a brand new identity for the Indian nation is manufactured. On 2 May, a large international conference in Copenhagen spotlights Asia.
Brand India is the name of the organisation that since the late 1990's has been tasked with convincing international corporations and heads of state that they should invest in new, modern India. In return for their investment, they get, among other things, access to cheap, well-educated labour.
"The branding campaigns produce seductive images of 'new' India: In the beginning the ads placed traditional Indian motifs together with images of mobile phones, computers, and motor ways to show the investors how India has developed," says Ravinder Kaur, who is director of Centre of Global South-Asian Studies at the University of Copenhagen.
In her article "Nation's Two Bodies: rethinking the 'new' India and its other", which will be published in the forthcoming issue of Third World Quarterly and available online 7 May, she analyses the Indian branding campaigns. And she points out that the campaigns are adjusted continuously so as to attract other kinds of investors and corporations:
"The most recent campaigns employ a different strategy in which large, multinational corporations, such as the luxury car manufacturer Bugatti, encourage other large, multinational corporations to invest in India and see the opportunities in India as a market for luxury goods that can be sold to the growing Indian middle-classes."
"Old" India rears its face
Not all Indians, however, recognise themselves in the campaigns' glitzy images, and according to Ravinder Kaur the discrepancy between image and reality inevitably cause internal conflicts and antagonisms which the Indian government will find it increasingly difficult to suppress.
"Corruption is a huge problem in India, which was amply demonstrated when the country hosted the 2010 Commonwealth Games. The Games should have been a triumph for 'new' India, but degenerated into a corruption scandal that government and industry desperately tried to talk down in order to assuage potential investors' concerns."
Get up-to-date on modern Asia
Ravinder Kaur stresses that Western nations need to look beyond all the clichés about the new Asian powers, which are constantly repeated in the media; a country or a corporation that wants to cooperate with for example India must have in-depth knowledge of recent developments in that particular nation.
"India is shrouded in myth and misunderstandings. If you uncritically buy into all the stories about modern India, much crucial knowledge will evade you. And that is unfortunate if you consider India important. That is why I recommend anyone who is interested in modern Asia to tune in when University of Copenhagen hosts the international conference Rising Asia – Anxious Europe 2 and 3 May," Ravinder Kaur points out.
During the conference, which will be streamed live on the conference website, a number of internationally recognised researchers will discuss the future relationship between Asia and Europe.
Director Ravinder Kaur,
Centre of Global South-Asian Studies
Phone: + 45 31 23 34 21
Press officer Carsten Munk Hansen
Faculty of Humanities
Phone: + 45 28 75 80 23
Rising Asia - Anxious Europe
On 2-3 May, the University of Copenhagen hosts a large international conference about the relationship between Europe and Asia. Danish Foreign Minister Villy Søvndal will open the conference which boasts a number of eminent international Asian scholars.
You can follow the live-stream from the conference on the conference website.
See the campaign material
On Brand India's website you can see all the campaign material, including the videos.
Third World Quarterly
In collaboration with her colleague, anthropologist Ayo Wahlberg, Ravinder Kaur has guest-edited the forthcoming issue of the prestigious international journal Third World Quarterly, in which her own article on India's branding strategy will be published. The issue will be available online from 7 May.